"Lost city" Found Beneath Cuban Waters
A team of explorers working off the western coast of Cuba say they have discovered what they think are the ruins of a submerged city built thousands of years ago.
'Lost city' found beneath Cuban waters
The Andros Platform
This discovery is of a gigantic, three-tiered stone platform just off northern Andros Island in the Bahamas. It was found in 2003 by a diving team doing research on underwater features. The platform consists of three tiers with an area measuring about 400 yards long and 150 feet wide. Each tier starts with a row of large blocks, almost square, measuring about 10 by 8 meters.
The Bimini Road
This is a formation of an extensive pavement of flat stones found 500 yards offshore of Bimini Island in the Bahamas. The Binimi Island is 50 miles east of Miami and about 100 miles north of Andros Island. The formation is made by thick, mostly rectangular blocks of stone lying on the sandy bottom.
Bimini Road - Wikipedia
The Caribbean Tectonic Plate
Under the Caribbean Sea is the Caribbean tectonic plate that can and has moved between the Pacific and Atlantic plates.
Subduction Zones of the Caribbean
Caribbean Plate - Wikipedia
The American Mound Builders
Works of the Mound-builders; Bancroft and Appleton 1875
|Monks Mound near Collinsville, Illinois
||Aztalan State Park Wisconsin
The American Mound Builders were a prehistoric people living under similar laws, religion, and institutions. The monuments left imply a wide spread religious system under a powerful priesthood dating from roughly 3000 BCE. If their temples were standing on their pyramids, they would compare with those of Mexico and Central America. The practice of throwing up an embankment at the foot of palisades was a natural one.
Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site
Aztalan State Park
Mound builder (people) - Wikipedia
Times and Seasons: Ancient Ruins
"If men, in their researches into the history of this country, in noticing the mounds, fortifications, statues, architecture, implements of war, of husbandry, and ornaments of silver & brass were to examine the Book of Mormon, their conjectures would be removed, and their opinions altered; uncertainty and doubt would be changed into certainty and facts; and they would find that those things that they are anxiously prying into were matters of history, unfolded in that book. They would find their conjectures were more than realized-that a great and a mighty people had inhabited this continent…"
Joseph Smith Jr. - Editor
The American Mound Builders – Evidence of Book of Mormon People
In North American they were one people living under similar laws, religion, and institutions. The monuments left imply a wide spread religious system under a powerful priesthood. The Mound-builders were an agricultural people. Tribes that live by hunting never build extensive public works. The works discussed here were built by a race that lived long in the land. It seems unlikely that the results attained could have been accomplished in less than four or five centuries and could extend to thousands of years.
Their civilization as recorded by the relics shows they had knowledge of agriculture, the art of fortification, mathematical knowledge by the laying-out of perfect circles and accurate angles. They use exact squares, each measuring one thousand and eighty feet side which is a coincidence which could not possibly be accidental. Noted also in dimensions are the square enclosures, five or six of these having been found at long distance from each other, which measured exactly ten hundred and eighty feet square.
Embankments of earth or stone, and ditches forming enclosures, which are subdivided into fortifications, sacred enclosures, or connected with religious rites.
If their temples were standing on their pyramids, they would compare with those of Mexico and Central America and imply a likeness of religious ideas in the builders.
The mound form is common in American known as the Mound-builders. It extends over a territory bounded:
- On the north by the great lakes
- On the east by western New York, Pennsylvania, and Virginia in the north
- South extending to the Atlantic coast and including Florida, Georgia, and part of South Carolina; on the south by the Gulf of Mexico, including Texas
- On the west by an indefinite line extending from the head of Lake Superior through the states of Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, and Indian Territory and some on the upper Missouri.
There are also found low embankments of earth which form enclosures of some naturally strong position. Such embankments are always on hills, lake or river terraces, or to their high places. Their strong natural position leaves no doubt of their original design as fortifications, places of refuges and of protection against enemies.
The practice of throwing up an embankment at the foot of palisades was a natural one.
The total number of mounds in the state of Ohio is estimated at ten thousand, while the enclosures were at least fifteen hundred.
Accordingly as they are found on the level plain or on hill tops, enclosures are divided into fortifications and sacred enclosures. The summit of the hill is two hundred and fifty feet above the river; the enclosing wall is of earth and stones, five feet high, thirty-five feet thick at the base and unaccompanied by a ditch.
In size the temple-mounds vary from a height of five feet and a diameter of forty feet to ninety feet in altitude and a base area of eight acres. The largest mound of this is at Illinois. Its base measures seven hundred by five hundred feet. The height is ninety feet. On one end above mid-height is a terrace platform from one hundred and sixty and three hundred and fifty feet, and the summit area is two hundred by four hundred and fifty fee, or nearly two acres.
At Marietta, Ohio, are four mounds like that shown in the photo, within a square enclosure. There is a remarkable temple-mound, near Springfield, Missouri, on a hill three hundred feet high. It is of earth and stones, sixty two feet high, five hundred feet in diameter at the base and one hundred and thirty at the summit. A ditch, two hundred feet wide and five feet deep.
Works of the Mound-builders; Bancroft and Appleton 1875